Blond Mummies, Tocharians and Indo-Europeans of China

Blond Mummies, Tocharians and Indo-Europeans of China


In the early 20th century European explorers
began discovering mummies in the arid Tarim Basin in North West china. Not everybody believed
the early British reports of caucasian mummies but then more were found… The oldest of all
showed up in 1979 at the Gumugou cemetery, which had Forty-two graves, most of which
dated from 2100-1500 BC. There were two types of tomb at the site, belonging to two different
time periods. The strangest thing about the mummies is that
they were white people. The oldest mummy is called the Xioahe princess or loulan beauty
and she was a white woman who died 3800 years ago. The oldest ones from Gumugou were Caucasoid
but other cemeteries, such as Yanbulaq, contain more recent burials of Mongoloid asiatic peoples. More than 30 mummies were found at The bronze
age Xiaohe Tomb complex in an oblong sand dune. The complex contains about 330 tombs,
about 160 of which have been violated by grave robbers. Some Tarim basin burials are in boats,
despite the absence of water – this resembles burial customs among the ancient Nordic peoples. This one is known as Cherchen man – notable
for his red hair, his stature at nearly 2 metres tall and his European style tartan
trousers which were the oldest ever found until another pair of trousers was found nearby
which are 400 years older, making them over 3000 years old. Trousers were invented by
early indo-europeans so they could keep their legs warm while riding horses. Analysis of
the mummies’ woolen garments reveals a typically European tartan like pattern which the Chinese
did not use and that it was made from a kind of wool typical of European sheep. Cherchen
man’s clothes closely resemble fabrics from the Hallstatt culture of Iron age central
Europe. The bodies are well preserved due to the very
dry and salty conditions of the desert. Some of the bodies had symbols painted on them
– such as these on chechen man’s face. This woman was tattooed. much like later Scythian
women were – such as this reconstruction of a Siberian Scythian woman. One of the mummies
shows evidence of having undergone surgery with horse hair used for stitches. He, like
others, had lung disease from breathing in too much sand. These people had very tough
lives, and their men were forced to hunt vultures, badgers, lizards and snakes for food. The
Taklamakan desert of western Xinjiang takes its name from an old persian saying meaning
“Place of No Return” – temperatures range from 40 degrees celsius in summer to -20 in
winter in this inhospitable region, almost as large as Germany. Even though the earliest
mummies are white Europeans, the more recent mummies from up to 550BC are mostly mongoloid
– so did these white people all die out? Where did they go? The answer may lie in Medieval
Chinese manuscripts… The Tarim mummies aren’t the only evidence
of white people in ancient China. In 1907 German scholars Sieg and Muller identified
a newly discovered language from Tarim Basin manuscripts – of a people the Turks referred
to as twcry -the Germans incorrectly identified them with the Tochari tribe who were actually
an Iranic people – but more about them later. Nevertheless we still call the language Tocharian
even though that is wrong and it is not Iranic at all. For the rest of this video I will
refer to the speakers of this mysterious language as Tocharians – but not the actual Tochari. The manuscripts reveal three divergent languages,
known as Tocharan A, Tocharian B and Tocharian C – all dated from ~4th to 13th centuries
AD. They belong to a unique Indo-European isolate family, distinct from any other IE
language even the east Iranic languages of the Tochari. Tocharian A and B diverged from
proto Tocharian sometime between ~600-100 BC. These languages indicate the people were
isolated from other Europeans and to a lesser degree from each other for a significant period
of time. It is tempting to assume Tocharian is an isolate that developed in China but
we can’t fill the gaps between the late Neolithic when PIE was spoken and the medieval
times when Tocharian manuscripts show up. So what do we know about the so called Tocharians
then? Here’s a famous wall painting of Tocharian
princes from the cave of the sixteen sword-bearers in the Tarim Basin, dated to 432–538 AD.
You can see their colourful European hair. Contemporary Chinese sources also refer to
European like people in Western China. “These barbarians of Yäkän (Yarkent) have
deep-set, bright amber eyes, roundish ears, and narrow faces” “Their place is high, arid and distant. The king is called “Son of Heaven”. The
number of horses in the kingdom for riding and pulling chariots usually amounts to several
hundred thousand. Its people have pink skin and are used to shooting arrows and riding
horses” “They are the tallest among the barbarians
in the Western Regions. Those barbarians of today who have blue-green eyes and red beards,
whose appearance is like that of the rhesus monkey”
“Its king is called Amirk. He has six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot. If
one of his children does not have six toes and six fingers, he will not raise it. When
they have children, they compress their heads to make them narrow. They tattoo their bodies
and have blue eyes. The king’s surname is Pei”
“ Min personally led the people of Zhao to butcher various barbarians. They slaughtered
all of them, without discrimination of social status, gender, or age. The dead were more
than two hundred thousand in number. He put the bodies outside where they were eaten by
wild dogs, jackals and wolves […] At that time, more than half the people with high
noses and thick beards were massacred” These accounts certainly refer to white people
living in Western China, but it is not easy to tell if they refer to Tocharian or Iranic
people. Tocharians were Buddhists and therefore had
a religious connection to India. Tocharian A ārśi means ‘ordained beggar monk’
(as a noun) and ‘Aryan’ (as an adjective) and is derived from the Indo-Aryan language
Prakrit. Therefore Tocharians literally called their Buddhist monks Aryans at least in Tocharian
A, which might have been their liturgical language. It was spoken in a town known as
Arshi in Tocharian, derived from Sanskrit Agni, who is the Hindu fire god, so some people
want to call Tocharian A Agnean, but we don’t know what it was called by those who spoke
it. Tocharian B speakers were the dominant population
of the Buddhist kingdom of Kucha and natively they called the language Kuchean. So did the tarim mummies speak Proto-Tocharian
when they were alive? I don’t think so. The thing is we actually have accounts of
iranic speaking peoples living in Western China before tocharian manuscripts show up,
which makes this more confusing. The Yuezhi were an ancient Iranic speaking
people. Iranic does not mean they come from Iran, rather their language is related to
iranian. As I explained in my Aryan invasion video, The Proto-Iranic speakers were white
European people living on the Eurasian steppe and some of their descendants, Iranic speaking
steppe peoples like the Scythians and Yuezhi, were also white or at least had european ancestry.
Busts from Uzbekistan reveal the obviously European phenotypes of the Yuezhi. The Yuezhi
were closely related to the Scythians in all respects.
“From Ferghana to Persia (Anxi), although their forms of speech are different, their
customs are generally the same and they can understand each other. These people have deep-set
eyes and a lot of facial hair, they are very good at business and wrangle for every money”
Much of what we know of the Buddhist Yuezhi kingdom comes from Buddhist scriptures brought
Eastward into China by Yuezhi translators who translated ancient Buddhist texts into
Chinese and thereby accelerated the development of Buddhist philosophy in China.
In the 1st millenium BC the Yuezhi had inhabited the Western part of Gansu province in China
which is about 500 miles East across the grasslands from where the Tarim mummies were found.
One of the main Yuezhi tribes were the Kushans. In the early first century AD the Kushan prince
Kujula Kadphises united the five Kushan divisions into a confederation of which he became emperor.
He broke away from the control of the Hellenized Bactrian dynasty to the South and founded
the great Kushan Empire which encompassed the Sogdians, who i will get to later, and
spread all the way down to India. Manga fans may recognise the name Kushan from
the Berserk series in which there is an Eastern empire called the Kushans led by Ganishka
– this character is based on a real Kushan king called Kanishka who was Kukula’s great
grandson In 1979 a buddha statue was found dating to
the 4th c, made by Yuezhi immigrants from Kushan, the inscription refers to Buddha as
Buca which is a Tocharian word – showing Yuezhi people adopted tocharian lexicon and must
have been in close contact with them and that they probably mixed and therefore had Tocharian
ancestry also. The Yuezhi are often conflated with the Tocharians even though Tocharian
is a completely different language to iranic. The Greek, Strabo’s Geographica, written
in the first century, related that the four nomadic tribes that took Bactria from the
Greeks were the Asii, Gasiani, Tochari and Savarauli. It is likely that one or all of
these were Iranic speaking Yuezhi but it is perhaps possible that one may have spoken
Tocharian but not the ones called Tochari because that referred to a Yuezhi tribe and
not the people we now call Tocharians. Anyway, as far as the Chinese and Greeks were concerned,
they were all just nomadic barbarians. The lower Tarim was part of a kingdom called
Kroraina – known by the Chinese as Loulan kingdom. The Han Chinese under emperor Wu
invaded and subjugated the area in the 2nd century BC. This is the same area the ancient
Tarim mummies are from – and some people think this area was home to Tocharians – the art
of Kroraina certainly shows Western, mainly Greek, influences, but the administrative
language of the region was not Tocharian but Gandhari Prakrit which had been imported to
the region along with Buddhism from Northern India. The Buddhist pilgrim Faxian who stayed
in Shanshan in 399 AD described how the people there practiced the Indian rules and customs.
So even if Kroraina had been Tocharian, it was heavily mixed with various Indo-Iranic
caucasoid peoples too. Documents from Kroraina also show that Sogdians
were present there by 313, and by 664 AD, a Tang Chinese Buddhist monk Xuanzang mentions
a place there called “Nafupo” (納縛溥), which could derive from a Sogdian word Navapa
meaning “new water.” Sogdians – were another ancient iranic people
with possible tocharian ancestry – they also mixed with their Scythian neighbours. Their
homeland, Sogdia or sogdiana included parts of modern day Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikstan.
Their culture lasted from the 6th century BC to 11th century AD. At various times they
were under the influence of the Persians, the Greeks, the Kushans and the Chinese.
They became powerful when they controlled the silk road trade for a while and are depicted
in Tang dynasty era Chinese art as ‘western merchants’ sometimes riding camels. This
terracotta model of a Sogdian from China also shows an obviously European phenotype. Sungle
humped camels are not native to China so their presence in chinese art is a nod to interactions
with Western peoples like the Sogdians – even the native Bactrian camels only live in the
arid regions of Western China where Sogdians lived.
They originally followed Indo-Iranic religions like Zoroastrianism and Buddhism but eventually
they all converted to Islam by the 11th century and Sogdian was replaced by Persian which
in turn was replaced by Turkic languages after the Turks converted to Islam and mixed with
the indo-european occupants of the steppe to create the modern peoples of central asia.
The East Iranic and Tocharian peoples were almost certainly closely related at the time
they are recorded in Chinese sources. But just because they were both white and lived
in the same area, doesn’t mean they were the same people. Indo-European languages are
divided by linguists into two broad categories – centum and satem – according to how certain
dorsal consonants sound. Tocharian belongs to centum branch of IE languages along with
Western languages like Celtic, Greek and Latin, While iranic languages such as Persian, Sogdian
and Scythian belong to the satem branch along with Aryan languages like Sanskrit and Baltic
languages like Lithuanian. This means that Tocharian must have broken away from IE very
early, and been isolated a long time ago. This phylogenetic tree from a paper by Russel
Gray and colleagues calculates that the ancestral language of Tocharian A and B broke from the
main IE tree nearly 8000 years ago. This means these people must have left IE areas and moved,
presumably to China, long before the oldest of the tarim mummies died less than 4000 years
ago – and makes it seem very likely the mummies are Tocharians…except for one thing. The
genes! And I don’t mean those trousers. In 2018 a study by Hollard and colleagues
showed that most males of the Afanasievo culture of eneolithic south Siberia had R1b1a1a – this,
combined with its proximity to Western China, makes Afanasievo people a likely candidate
for the ancestors of the Tocharians. Many prominent scholars, including David Anthony
and J. P Mallory, proposed this theory even before genetic evidence was available. But
this paper actually revealed that male Tarim mummies of the Xiaohe cemetery all had R1a1a
haplogroup and were therefore more likely related to the Andronovo culture of central
asia! How Frustrating! As I explained in my Aryan invasion video, the Andronovo people
were the Proto-Indo-Iranian language speakers also known as Aryans. However it is worth
noting the mummies had a specifically European branch of R1a, rather than the one usually
associated with Indian and Iranic people. Another genetic study from 2019 , by Ning
et al, tried to identify the source of European DNA in Northwestern China. It published the
genomes of 10 ancient skeletons from Xinjiang dated to around 2200 years ago at an Iron
Age Shirenzigou site. They were mixed race, with both asian and about 20-80 % European
ancestry which was Yamnaya related, coming either from Afanasievo or Andronovo people,
and therefore associated with Indo-European speakers of the steppes. The paper argues
that these skeletons were Tocharians but subsequent analysis of the genomes by independent geneticist
Eurogenes has found they bare a close affinity with the Tian Shan Huns, and are therefore
more likely to be Huns. The shirenzigou males have a mix of Indo-European R1b and more Asian
Q1a Y haplogroups. These men were likely a mixture of Saka Scythians and Asiatic Huns
who replaced the saka in the Western Tian Shan region – so they either spoke Iranic
or Hunnic but probably not Tocharian. So if the Tarim mummies are Andronovo derived
Iranics not Afanasievo derived Tocharians and if the iron age people from Shirenzigou
are Iranic or Hunnic – then that means we don’t actually have any Tocharian DNA which
means there is a great big gap of about 6 and a half thousand years between when Tocharian
theoretically broke from Proto-Indo-European and when the first Chinese records of them
appear. That makes them even more mysterious than the Tarim mummies who themselves, may
at least have known who the tocharians were! In 2019, a comprehensive thesis about the
Tarim Basin mummies by Yunyun Yang was published via Uppsala University in Sweden. I actually
applied for the archaeological research position Yang got but it’s just as well he beat me,
because his work is very interesting. He identified the changing burial customs
of the Tarim Basin in the early Bronze age. the north of the basin had stone burial mounds,
stone pit graves and circular or square stone kerbs and stone human sculptures. The eastern
part of the desert around Lop Nur had wooden coffins buried in sand; with the dead lying
straight on their back. But from the late Bronze age to early Iron age there was a big
shift to stone burial mounds of the northern type all across the basin indicating that
this culture grew and replaced others. It is possible this stone barrow culture was
derived from the Andronvo culture which also had burials with stone kerbs and stone pit
graves. Are we seeing the replacement of an Afansievo derived Proto-Tocharian culture
with an Iranic one? and if so, then how come the Tocharian language survived alongside
regional iranic ones right into the medieval times? Yang notes a fascinating custom extent among
the Tarim Bronze age people. Many mummies in Gumugou cemetery were painted with a strange
sticky white substance which has not yet been identified. It might be made from dairy products
and almost certainly played a religious function relating to the journey of the dead in the
afterlife. Maybe it was applied with the special twigs that were also found in these burials.
A 2013 study proved that the twigs in the Gumugu and Xiaohe
cemeteries were Ephedra which is a native shrub used in Chinese medicine to treat colds,
fevers, and respiratory diseases. Many steppe cultures also made use of the plant – perhaps
because of their poor lung health due to sandy air. These people were descended from the Andronovo
people who were also the ancestors of Vedic Indians and ancient Persians each of whom
had magical psychoactive religious substances referred to as Soma in India and Haoma in
Iran – perhaps these Ephedra twigs or the white substance were related to the Soma cult?
Further research may yield interesting results in this respect! Some of the women’s graves in Xiaohe cemeteries
contained wooden phallic objects – these had been hollowed out and cut in half, the insides
were painted red to resemble the inside of an actual penis, they were then stuffed with
feathers and lizard bones, possibly an entire lizard in some cases – then tied back up with
woolen yarn. The obviously magical cultic objects resemble both the Shiva lingam of
Indian religion and also vǫlsi, the horse penis preserved with magic herbs by Viking
women according to an Icelandic saga. While it is a surprising and fascinating revelation
to many to learn that white Europeans lived as far away as China as long ago as the early
Bronze age, we must resist the temptation to identify these people with later Tocharians
of the same region recorded in medieval Chinese sources. No doubt both were white but the
Tarim mummies are more likely to be Aryans rather than Tocharians, in the sense that
they were East Iranic people related to Scythians. It is also clear from linguistic evidence
that the Tocharian and Iranic speaking caucasoids of the region intermixed and influenced each
other’s languages. It’s hard to say what first attracted these diverse peoples of European
descent to the unpleasantly arid and sandy region, perhaps it was trade, and later in
history the silk road provided opportunities for them – but ultimately suffered for the
wealth they pursued with lung disease and genocide at the hands of the Han Chinese. Thanks for watching Survive the Jive. You
can learn more about Andronovo people in my video on the Aryan invasion of India – linked
on screen now. Please also subscribe and sign up on either patreon or subscribe star to
get access to my exclusive videos on genetics and history and for discounts on my Teespring
merchandise.

100 thoughts on “Blond Mummies, Tocharians and Indo-Europeans of China

  1. Contents:

    00:21 Tarim mummies
    04:21 Tocharian
    06:45 Han Chinese accounts of white merchants in Tarim
    09:40 Yuezhi and Kushans
    13:16 Kroraina / Loulan kingdom
    14:35 Sogdians
    16:05 Tocharian vs Iranic – Centum/Satem
    17:35 Genetics of Tarim mummies and Iron Age Tarim skeletons
    20:59 Yang paper – archaeological survey of Bronze Age Tarim
    24:41 Conclusion

    PS: The Tocharian artwork is available on T-shirts and hoodies in the StJ store https://teespring.com/tocharian-solar-wheels

  2. Thank you sir. That was very interesting. Now I wonder if I will pay the price for living in the lucrative Australian desert.

  3. This video is EXCELLENT and very professional. Your work is important. You take on subjects few dare. Would love to see something similar about ancient Iranian civilization (Zarathustra) and its origin in R1a and scithians. It would create a series with your Aryan Invasions video and this one.

  4. Could this be the origin of the Huns? Caucasoids who went east and became admixed with asiatics and became very savage?

  5. 7:50 6 fingers and 6 toes is really interesting because Goliath from the Old Testament is said to also have the same features.

  6. Huh? What’s with the last sentence about the fate of these Aryans? The Han Chinese committed genocide against them? Who, what, when, where??

  7. Tom with you covering another Indo-European group, theres an elephant in the room about what Indo-European group is next to cover.

    "Thracians, Dacians, the forgotten European subrace of the Balkans"

    Of course you'd probably come up with a more catchy title than that

  8. Aryans were right about women🤣🤣🤣.

    Rig Veda 8.33.17

    Indra himself hath said, The mind of woman brooks not discipline,
    Her intellect hath little weight.

  9. It is an anachronism to call these mummies "caucasians from Europe". This group originated in Asia and some migrated to Europe. Some Irish legends indicate Scythian origin for the "red" Irish. Further research on these finds may verify that tradition. Norse tradition of the Yngling tribe also indicates origin in the "Osterland" or eastern land, the primary question posed being: how far to the east?

  10. Yang Yunyun is a female at UU:

    https://www.arkeologi.uu.se/education/more-for-students/after-graduation/interview-with-yang-yunyun/

  11. 25:40 what genocide? Han Chinese respected the Native Indo-Europeans and Han Chinese were never majority in Basim Tarim.

  12. What if it wasn't a desert when they were there? What if it was like the Sahara before it became the desert we know it as today? That would explain the boats and their food supply would have been far better than today.

  13. Having played a lot of Civ 4, and its real earth map, the Tarim Basin is incredibly familiar to me despite my having never heard of it before!

  14. Caucasians indo europeans and east asians have a gread impact on each other… Both are High capable societys and civiliations..
    Both are nordic in origin…
    (Indian dravidians also High in IQ)

  15. Phenomenal video and I have some questions for you about this and also I have an interesting lead for you regarding the mummies should you wish to research it further. I will try to get in contact with you to pass it on.

  16. This was incredible, well done. Helped pick tartan for my sis' wedding, I'll have something to dazzle the Scots guests with now!

  17. I always picture these Proto aryans looking like Björk the Icelandic singer. Or maybe like a Siberian. Obviously not all but some of the original tribes. Having blue almond shaped eyes that they have.

  18. It's so refreshing to hear a gentle but authoritative narration of history, something that has been lost in recent decades. You don't shout, you don't speak fast, you don't act condescending, you act like a professor. Thank you for your videos.

  19. Excellent downright excellent research and video but it’s obvious you’re bending over backwards to avoid the obvious truth being that they are Iranian Iran essentially is a name for Aryan these are the Aryans the Persians were half the other half we’re out of India that’s about as far back as history goes in any intelligible way even to this day in American politics and I’m sure everywhere else you can see the Persian Aryan people actively participating in politics and everything else involved with control of the world there’s only a few families that rule through the Vatican through all the other major religions if not all of the minors also in these families all route back to ancient Persia … IRAN

  20. You can use this video to explain the herritage of bulgarians very well.
    The groups of europeans who lived in asia long ago.
    I have been researching them for about a year now, if anyone wants to discuss, give knowledge, or read my own sources is welcome

  21. This is brilliant, as all of your content is.The Tocharian manuscript samples you showed looked very similar to Buddhist manuscripts written in Pali and lettering similar to some modern day languages that derive from Pali and Sanskrit. Buddhist scriptures describe the Buddha as having deep set eyes which are "sapphire blue" , a high formed nose and "golden skin" and a long angular face similar to the Chinese descriptions of the Tocharians. Considering that he was from North Eastern India and these Tocharians were Buddhist also;would not be surprised if he is related to these people.

  22. Very interesting. On a side note, what are some good works on the origins of the Huns? I've heard their origins are a contentious topic.

  23. Thx you for for your incredible work, especially on this particular topic. The beginning roots of Chinese culture appear to be overwhelmingly Caucasoid. Seems to be a "[Sino]-logical" connection between Oracle Bone Script and Protosinatic writing. I'm sure your familiar with "Tai Fuxi"s mythological parallel's to "Tahuti" in the Egyptian pantheon. Also between "Pangu The Giant", "Ymir", "Adam Kadmon", and of course "Purusha". My personal major life research is cosmology, in particular the Chinese 8 Bagua and YiJing. One major parallel I have found in pretty much all these creation myths is that the Creator giant passes way and he's body is divided, often in about 8 divisions. A personal discovery I've noticed is Pangu's body, in at least one version of the myth, perfectly divides into the 8 Bagua elements. It's my personal hypothesis that this is the origin of the Bagua, or perhaps this is the very discovery of Fuxi. I imagine that this is likely well recognized in the tradition in the past, but there doesn't seem to be detailed knowledge beyond the little retained today. Would love to hear your thoughts and findings in the parallels between Chinese, IndoAryan, and ArchaicEuro early culture and mythology. That would be an incredible video. Major respect for your initiative in applying to personally work on the West Chinese site! You are a major help in my research and I look the most forward to read your scholarly work. Anything you recommend?

  24. Already great video made even better with the Berserk reference. Idk why but when u said Kushan I IMMEDIATELY thought of Berserk. Then you mentioned it

  25. Even looking at the tartan patterns you can tell the maker had a sense of aesthetics. These were not simple people "just" surviving day to day.
    Or at least that's the impression I get

  26. The face painting on the male mummy looks exactly like what Indian sadhus wear. Absolutely amazing and a new piece of the mosaic for me personally. Thank you.

  27. I know that you have already done a video on the ANE, but it would interesting to see one that cover the populations that picked up the compontent, around the world, like Native Americans, Europeans, many South and central asians and even some some genetic traces, among middle eastern and East asians, albeit very low, especially for the latter. Most people outside of population genetics and especially Ancient genomes, don’t seem to know much about it. So yeah, I think it would be a great topic for you, to make a detailed video on, based on the genetic research that has been done so far.

  28. An amazing work! Thank you for this well-made video. Quite professional and with a bit of jokes( abt the pants hehe).

  29. I’ve given up on trying to explain different theories about those mummies to people, no matter what I say ppl will shut me down as if I’m claiming Chinese culture.

    I try to explain Caucasian and Asian ppl have had common ancestry to different degree in many nations, and none of them are mine personally.

    I can read an learn about Spanish castles and be proud of European accomplishments but I understand the Mexican have more ancestral ties to them than I do..

    I think ppl shut down completely if you say Caucasian bc they associate it with Europe but race has history.

    I’ve seen blue eyed Asians with dna from Alexander the greats army, to say Alexander the greats army was Caucasian DOES NOT mean that blue eyed Asian is less a descendant of his own genealogy.

    Just noticing truth..

    It’s become such a bother I just say hunter gatherer or ancient agricultural farmers..

  30. I would guess when these Indo-European Tocharian people settled there it was less dry (dry but less dry than today), similar to the Middle East and North Africa being less dry at that time in history, for instance 3500 years ago the Baltic was higher due to less water in the world being shut up in ice which probably means it was wetter as well.

  31. Is it possible that these aryan interlopers started the silk road…and possibly mixed with the mongols who lived close by?

  32. Fascinating stuff, as a Mongolian I am learning a lot about how my people and related groups are somewhat new to western Asia. However in the comments i see a lot of people going into conspiracy theories about how this history is covered up somehow. Can’t really cover up what hasn’t been discovered yet no? Modern historical analysis is rather new, as opposed to the unscientific and ideological research in the past.

  33. Thies socalled Tocharians were in real One of the Turkic peoples.
    The whole east Siberia were land of the Turkic and Mongolic,Tungustic Turanian races. Your indo Arians are from north India and Persia.

  34. 12:30 Buca – In Slavic languages word for god is BÓG/BOG. Letters G/K and C are often changed between languages. Same as O/Ó/U.

  35. One facisnating thing he didn't mention was that Chechan Man (2 meter man) had over 500 grams of cannabis (Marijuana) in his bag. They think he might have been a 3000 year old medicine man.

  36. The link to the Andronovo is interesting, because towards the late Bronze Age (1500BC) there was a split leading to divergence of two andronovo cultures, one into central kazakhstan (Buguly) and the other north-east towards the Altai (sayan-altay), which may show some early development of the language even before its spread into Xinjiang through Hexi.

  37. I still take issue with this research in correlation to the Aryan migration/invasion theory, these people evidently were far to barbaric to be the ones who delivered the Vedic knowledge to India. The advanced philosophy hygiene and theological incite from the Vedas and Puranas would be lost on these desert dwellers. One must also factor in that geographical referances to rivers and such things which no longer existed by the time these migrations happened, where made in the scriptures themselves.

  38. I’ve been to Xinjiang, went all most 20 years ago. It was really a fascinating place. I saw types of people I have never seen anywhere in the world, and looked different from each other. I’ve seen Asian looking girls with green eyes or red hair, next to caucasian or Afghan looking people but had typical “asian eyes”. It wasn’t common but they were there and they were not foreigners. The Uighur people live there and look like afghans many of them. I guess was this place is close to Afghanistan and Russia and you get a mixing of Asians and other people. I don’t think the whites died out they just intermarried with Asians and people there just retain Caucasian features to one degree or another. In history you hear about kingdoms from this area being conquered by Huns, mongols, and chinese so that must have resulted in mixing. When i was there more and more Han Chinese were encouraged to migrate into xinjiang so that Han would make a majority. At the time I guess it was 50/50 or maybe even majority Han Chinese already. Now I am guessing Xinjiang is vast majority Han Chinese, and Han men are encouraged to take Uigher wives. Uighers are both fascinating to chinese by their Caucasian features and Chinese men are attracted to them but at the same time are scared of separatism because obviously the Uigurs look and speak a different language and the Chinese are constantly afraid they will try independence if given the opportunity.

  39. There are things to learn always. It doesn't mean it's set in history as just one fact, but includes more unrecognized activity that could be revealed. When do we learn that once, people got along more than now. So the clothes might make them a later date. Plaid is or became Irish and English start. They could be more recent in the tatoos. Very nice clip. One thing, the Eye look of language, seen in Egypt is on the script. The red and white stripes on feathers may be prelude to flag making. Weaving ,braiding and plaid seem to blend. I could see one adapted to another .

  40. FAKE! Misleading 100%.
    The fact that you also add in your comment the selling of t-shirts with tocharian signs.. whatever on them, makes clear the reason of posting of this BS clip here. FACTS: The Tocharians lived in the place called BY ANCIENT ASIANS(!!! Long before the turks, and your german guys mentioned here!! Duuh!) TUKARA, other variations being Tukhara, Tokhara.. etc., the zone also called (later, by the chinese) DAXIA (so translated by the Han dinasty in latin letters, it is read "DATCHIA"), and who the Dacians were (those in Bactria/Daxia/Dacia, as well as the same race in European Dacia, which reads the same: "DATCHIA"!), is allready proven! (as well as the fact that Yuezhi, Kushans, Aryans, SuryaVansha/ Egiptian Pharaoh's, the Lersians etc etc., were one and the same race). The giants of the past. As the tocharian mummies as well.
    You knowedge of the human history = ZERO. You only repeat what you heard from others, and then reinterpret the facts in your own dumb versions, in order to pull your own BS conclusions, to try to convince naive people that you are able to pull conclusions (about anything), or that you posses some history knowledge😉, while you are not (and never been! What you have been and stil are, is a T-shirts seller, which uses now illegal methodes to sell his rugs, called "t-hirts"😄) any of those.
    You are a pathetic copy of Fibonacci, who also was a seller, including buying and selling ancient Aryan mathematic theories from India (he bought them from the Arabs, where he found them in the middle ages), and arriving in Europe, everybody thought those were "his theories"😉😄😂🙉💩, and apointed him as "the greatest mathematician ever"🙉💩💩 (even that Life spiral it's called now "the Fibonacci spiral"🙉💩, you thinking that you'll jump the same way now, from cigarettes & T-shirts seller, to "the greatest historian ever"😂😂😂😂😂🔨🤕. GET A GRIP, man!
    Quit smoking what you shouldn't! It not good for you! Trust me! I'm a doctor.

  41. Superb! I love that you're on top of the latest research. It makes for some of the most interesting videos I've ever seen. Thank you.

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