100 solutions to reverse global warming | Chad Frischmann

100 solutions to reverse global warming | Chad Frischmann


Hello. I’d like to introduce you to a word
you may never have heard before, but you ought to know: drawdown. Drawdown is a new way of thinking about
and acting on global warming. It’s a goal for a future that we want, a future where reversing
global warming is possible. Drawdown is that point in time when atmospheric concentrations
of greenhouse gases begin to decline on a year-to-year basis. More simply, it’s that point when we take out more greenhouse gases
than we put into Earth’s atmosphere. Now, I know we’re all concerned
about climate change, but climate change is not the problem. Climate change is
the expression of the problem. It’s the feedback of the system
of the planet telling us what’s going on. The problem is global warming, provoked by the increasing
concentrations of greenhouse gases caused by human activity. So how do we solve the problem? How do we begin the process
of reversing global warming? The only way we know how is to draw down, to avoid putting greenhouse gases up and to pull down what’s already there. I know. Given the current situation,
it sounds impossible, but humanity already knows what to do. We have real, workable
technologies and practices that can achieve drawdown. And it’s already happening. What we need is
to accelerate implementation and to change the discourse from one of fear and confusion,
which only leads to apathy, to one of understanding and possibility, and, therefore, opportunity. I work for an organization
called Project Drawdown. And for the last four years, together with a team of researchers
and writers from all over the world, we have mapped, measured and detailed 100 solutions to reversing global warming. Eighty already exist today, and when taken together,
those 80 can achieve drawdown. And 20 are coming attractions,
solutions on the pipeline, and when they come online, will speed up our progress. These are solutions that are viable, scalable
and financially feasible. And they do one or more of three things: replace existing fossil fuel-based energy
generation with clean, renewable sources; reduce consumption
through technological efficiency and behavior change; and to biosequester carbon
in our plants’ biomass and soil through a process
we all learn in grade school, the magic of photosynthesis. It’s through a combination
of these three mechanisms that drawdown becomes possible. So how do we get there? Well, here’s the short answer. This is a list of the top 20 solutions
to reversing global warming. Now, I’ll go into some detail, but take a few seconds
to look over the list. It’s eclectic, I know, from onshore wind turbines
to educating girls, from plant-rich diets
to rooftop solar technology. So let’s break it down a little bit. To the right of the slide,
you’ll see figures in gigatons, or billions of tons. That represents the total
equivalent carbon dioxide reduced from the atmosphere when the solution is implemented
globally over a 30-year period. Now, when we think
about climate solutions, we often think about
electricity generation. We think of renewable energy
as the most important set of solutions, and they are incredibly important. But the first thing
to notice about this list is that only five of the top 20 solutions
relate to electricity. What surprised us, honestly, was that eight of the top 20
relate to the food system. The climate impact of food
may come as a surprise to many people, but what these results show
is that the decisions we make every day about the food we produce,
purchase and consume are perhaps the most
important contributions every individual can make
to reversing global warming. And how we manage land
is also very important. Protecting forests and wetlands safeguards, expands
and creates new carbon sinks that directly draw down carbon. This is how drawdown can happen. And when we take food
and land management together, 12 of the top 20 solutions
relate to how and why we use land. This fundamentally shifts
traditional thinking on climate solutions. But let’s go to the top of the list, because I think what’s there
may also surprise you. The single most impactful solution, according to this analysis,
would be refrigeration management, or properly managing and disposing of
hydrofluorocarbons, also known as HFCs, which are used by refrigerators
and air conditioners to cool the air. We did a great job
with the Montreal Protocol to limit the production
of chlorofluorocarbons, CFCs, because of their effect
on the ozone layer. But they were replaced by HFCs, which are hundreds to thousands of times
more potent a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. And that 90 gigatons reduced
is a conservative figure. If we were to account for the impact
of the Kigali agreement of 2016, which calls for the phaseout
of hydrofluorocarbons and replace them with
natural refrigerants, which exist today, this number could increase to 120,
to nearly 200 gigatons of avoided greenhouse gases. Maybe you’re surprised, as we were. Now, before going into some details
of specific solutions, you may be wondering
how we came to these calculations. Well, first of all,
we collected a lot of data, and we used statistical analysis
to create ranges that allow us to choose reasonable choices for every input used
throughout the models. And we chose a conservative approach,
which underlies the entire project. All that data is entered in the model, ambitiously but plausibly
projected into the future, and compared against
what we would have to do anyway. The 84 gigatons reduced
from onshore wind turbines, for example, results from the electricity
generated from wind farms that would otherwise be produced
from coal or gas-fired plants. We calculate all the costs
to build and to operate the plants and all the emissions generated. The same process is used
to compare recycling versus landfilling, regenerative versus
industrial agriculture, protecting versus
cutting down our forests. The results are then integrated
within and across systems to avoid double-counting and add it up to see
if we actually get to drawdown. OK, let’s go into some specific solutions. Rooftop solar comes in ranked number 10. When we picture rooftop solar in our minds we often envision a warehouse in Miami
covered in solar panels. But these are solutions that are relevant
in urban and rural settings, high and low-income countries, and they have cascading benefits. This is a family
on a straw island in Lake Titicaca receiving their first solar panel. Before, kerosene was used
for cooking and lighting, kerosene on a straw island. So by installing solar, this family
is not only helping to reduce emissions, but providing safety
and security for their household. And tropical forests tell their own story. Protecting currently degraded
land in the tropics and allowing natural regeneration to occur is the number five solution
to reversing global warming. We can think of trees
as giant sticks of carbon. This is drawdown in action every year, as carbon is removed from
the atmosphere through photosynthesis, which converts carbon dioxide to plants’
biomass and soil organic carbon. And we need to rethink
how we produce our food to make it more regenerative. There are many ways to do this,
and we researched over 13 of them, but these aren’t new ways
of producing food. They have been practiced
for centuries, for generations. But they are increasingly displaced
by modern agriculture, which promotes tillage, monocropping and the use of synthetic fertilizers
and pesticides which degrade the land and turn it into a net emitter
of greenhouse gases. Regenerative agriculture,
on the other hand, restores soil health and productivity, increases yield, improves water retention, benefits smallholder farmers
and large farming operations alike and brings carbon back to the land. It’s a win-win-win-win-win. (Laughter) And it’s not just how we produce food, but what we consume that has a massive impact
on global warming. A plant-rich diet is not
a vegan or a vegetarian diet, though I applaud any
who make those choices. It’s a healthy diet
in terms of how much we consume, and particularly
how much meat is consumed. In the richer parts of the world, we overconsume. However, low-income countries show an insufficient
caloric and protein intake. That needs rebalancing, and it’s in the rebalancing that a plant-rich diet
becomes the number four solution to reversing global warming. Moreover, approximately a third
of all food produced is not eaten, and wasted food emits an astounding
eight percent of global greenhouse gases. We need to look
where across the supply chain these losses and wastage occurs. In low-income countries,
after food leaves the farm, most food is wasted
early in the supply chain due to infrastructure
and storage challenges. Food is not wasted by consumers
in low-income countries which struggle to feed their population. In the developed world, instead,
after food leaves the farm, most food is wasted
at the end of the supply chain by markets and consumers, and wasted food ends up in the landfill where it emits methane as it decomposes. This is a consumer choice problem. It’s not a technology issue. Preventing food waste from the beginning is the number three solution. But here’s the interesting thing. When we look at the food system as a whole and we implement
all the production solutions like regenerative agriculture, and we adopt a plant-rich diet, and we reduce food waste, our research shows that we would produce
enough food on current farmland to feed the world’s growing population
a healthy, nutrient-rich diet now until 2050 and beyond. That means we don’t need
to cut down forests for food production. The solutions to reversing global warming
are the same solutions to food insecurity. Now, a solution that often
does not get talked enough about, family planning. By providing men and women
the right to choose when, how and if to raise a family through reproductive
health clinics and education, access to contraception and freedom devoid of persecution can reduce the estimated
global population by 2050. That reduced population
means reduced demand for electricity, food, travel, buildings
and all other resources. All the energy and emissions that are used to produce
that higher demand is reduced by providing
the basic human right to choose when, how
and if to raise a family. But family planning cannot happen
without equal quality of education to girls currently being denied access. Now, we’ve taken a small liberty here, because the impact of universal education and family planning resources are so inextricably intertwined that we chose to cut it
right down the middle. But taken together,
educating girls and family planning is the number one solution
to reversing global warming, reducing approximately 120 billion tons
of greenhouse gases. So is drawdown possible? The answer is yes, it is possible, but we need all 80 solutions. There are no silver bullets
or a subset of solutions that are going to get us there. The top solutions would take us
far along the pathway, but there’s no such thing
as a small solution. We need all 80. But here’s the great thing. We would want to implement these solutions whether or not global warming
was even a problem, because they have cascading benefits
to human and planetary well-being. Renewable electricity results in clean,
abundant access to energy for all. A plant-rich diet, reduced food waste results in a healthy global population
with enough food and sustenance. Family planning and educating girls? This is about human rights, about gender equality. This is about economic improvement
and the freedom of choice. It’s about justice. Regenerative agriculture, managed grazing,
agroforestry, silvopasture restores soil health, benefits farmers and brings carbon back to the land. Protecting our ecosystems
also protects biodiversity and safeguards planetary health and the oxygen that we breathe. Its tangible benefits
to all species are incalculable. But one last point, because
I know it’s probably on everybody’s mind; how much is this going to cost? Well, we estimate
that to implement all 80 solutions would cost about 29 trillion
dollars over 30 years. That’s just about a trillion a year. Now, I know that sounds like a lot, but we have to remember that
global GDP is over 80 trillion every year, and the estimated savings
from implementing these solutions is 74 trillion dollars,
over double the costs. That’s a net savings
of 44 trillion dollars. So drawdown is possible. We can do it if we want to. It’s not going to cost that much,
and the return on that investment is huge. Here’s the welcome surprise. When we implement these solutions, we shift the way we do business from a system that is inherently
exploitative and extractive to a new normal that is by nature
restorative and regenerative. We need to rethink our global goals, to move beyond sustainability towards regeneration, and along the way reverse global warming. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “100 solutions to reverse global warming | Chad Frischmann

  1. Whoops. You put the only thing that can make a real difference as number 20 and put insignificant food-related ideas as more important. Wrong. For instance, changing refrigerant use could never even be measurable as a drawdown.  Even if everyone alive did it seriously for a hundred years, it would make no difference. Renewable energy is also a non-starter. We use thousands of times more fossil fuels than either solar or wind. Double them, triple them, quadruple them, etc. and they are still trivial. What's worse, since they are intermittent,  we end up using mostly fracked gas to provide marginal electricity when renewables aren't working and power is still being demanded. There is only one thing that can begin to ameliorate global warming and that is to replace fossil fuels with increased nuclear power, either fission or fusion. And despite your ill-conceived approach, global warming is a very serious problem.

  2. "When the greenhouse gases begin to decline on a year-to-basis"…lol…lol…
    that's CENTURIES away…lol…all we can do now is pretend we're slowing things down…
    we're not…there is no long-term hope…another decade or three of exponential change everywhere
    will slap us into oblivion, all for the 1%er's greed…money is god…always has been…
    the 'dumbing down' of so many people gets some of the credit…likewise, so does religion…
    we'll use up most of the 12 years we have left to do something just recovering from Trump…
    have fun when you can…glad to be an older person…

  3. I'm sorry, can't watch this….things we can do over a 30 year period????

    Somebody should inform this Clown we don't have 30 months. Now what you gonna do?

  4. the first assumption (lie) is that humans have a measurable effect. the fake news is all debunked by the actual science of recording temperatures.
    the big money now is to suck money out of governments.
    we know, without any doubt, that the gov't sees AGW as a way to tax and take power.
    we are 25 years past al gore's terror film and there is no action.

    the list is silly. building codes to require buildings do not need to use energy to heat and cool, could have been started 25 years ago.
    but lowering CO2 lowers the problem and since is it not about solving, it is about motivating the ignorant to act, there is no action to draw down.

  5. LOVE #6 and #7, educate women to become workers and not snowflakes. get off the cell phone, stop using cosmetics that polite the environment, wear last years fashions.. could end half of the problem overnight !

  6. here you want to change global warming, go learn science then invent things that are better cheaper and cleaner than the things we have, make profit, make a plan, learn from Elon Musk. Don't tell me what to do.

  7. Drawdown does present some compelling ideas for fighting anthropogenic climate change, however the world doesn't need 100 solutions. Such a lengthy set of recommendations will merely serve to confuse most people, and many politicians quickly lose interest in such grandiose guides.

    In order to effectively act on climate now all nations, states, and countries in the entire world must try and pursue the climate targets outlined in the COP21 Paris Climate Accord. Green City Times has independently developed a guide of aspirational policies and strategic actions for the global public-private sector to pursue to try and achieve an effective sustainability agenda. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), reflecting the international scientific consensus on the issue, has set the goal to keep global warming under 2° Celsius (3.6° Fahrenheit) by mid-century, and recommends pursuing an even lower warming cap of 1.5° C (2.7° F). The list of measures outlined here is a guide for the entire planet to achieve in order to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and prevent catastrophic anthropogenic climate change (Green City Times would  like to see as many points as possible in order to most effectively fight climate change, but only 10 points total are needed):

    https://www.greencitytimes.com/stabilize-greenhouse-gas-emissions/

  8. I didn't realize how big of negative effect fertilizer has.
    Hallelujah. Birth control, birth control, birth control. He is absolutely right.
    Also consider adoption b 4 having your own kid too.

  9. i have done the math.overall electricity generates about 160 gigawatts of co2 while food generates about 240 gigawatts of co2 and land management generates about 120 gigawatts of co2. women and girls only generates about 110 gigawatts of c02

  10. one of the first problems is that if the most qualified climate scientist on the planet, had, at any time, worked for an oil company, everything he ever says is discredited.
    if someone reads a magazine where a politician says that man is the cause, there is no questioning his credibility.
    if we have proven that researches altered the data (been exposed multiple times) the data is still used and referred to without any question.
    the cooling in the first decade was publicized and discussed. it was inconvenient so instead of going back to the models to see what should be changed (called scientific method) they just changed the data, created a whole new data set with no proof, no sensors, no history, just poof and the followers who never question, just accepted it.
    now that we have found the Roman Warm period 2,000 years ago and the medieval warm are recorded in tree rings in the USA with 500 years of drought. science is filling in the bits and pieces and proving that the natural cycle is what happens.
    you can prove global warming in your kitchen, well, using physics, you can prove that warming is the scientific result of ice melting with a constant heat source.
    and, just why is no one even discussing the melting of the glaciers over New York City ? 2 miles of ice, 300 feet of sea level rise.
    the only thing that both sides agree on is that we should alter our waste to polite less.
    but only the scientific natural cyclical warming supporters want to address that along with tighter building codes to make buildings less energy hogs.
    the alarmists WANT to pollute and WANT to waste energy with old fashioned building codes. when you think about it, because if we did those things, our footprint would drop and the natural CO2 release of the planet would be exposed and just that, natural, and not man caused. In addition, it takes away political talking points. ending pollution would loose elections for alarmists who can only run by convincing uneducated people that the sky if falling.

  11. It’s amazing how much bs talk there is around this topic , taxes , technology , paper straws lol. When the only real solution is less humans and more trees.

  12. adopt a kid instead, educate girls, birth control. Trust me, kids up for adoption need a family more than a baby that hasn’t even been created yet.

  13. i had to pause the video to ask this very important question.
    incase we don't want to give up air conditioning… is there a way we can mange to do artificial photosynthesis

  14. What is the "solution" of nuclear I noticed on the wheel? Nuclear is really dangerous and vulnerable to accidents which cause radiation for years after.

  15. Clone or plant branches from giant trees. California could provide enough branches for replanting the entire Earth. One branch can clone at least a million trees

  16. I came up with the blueprint on how to fight climate change nearly 2 decades ago. This was futile. Nobody listened. My blueprint involved reforestation of deserts using large pipelines of water from the ocean pumped through the desert. As the water passed through the pipes it would be heated from the desert sun and using solar power and the resulting water vapor would then be used as freshwater to create rainforests. Theoretically, you cold turn the Sahara desert to a massive Co2 sucking rainforest, the biggest Forrest on earth using this method. This method would also solve the rising sea water problems of the next 300 years. Micro climates would be created worldwide, which would, in turn, cool the lands and eventually cool the seas. There are zero known planets in the entire universe similar to earth, or even contain life. So why are we searching for another planet when we should be focusing on saving our own? Trust me, Mars is a shithole.

  17. I searched "global warming" on the TED youtube site -not one video that discredits the theory of man-made global warming!!!!!!!

  18. Seems too unrealistic to ask for this much change from people who live in corrupt and fractured world. I hope it can happen.

  19. I wonder what the earth would be like if we spent 1/100th the time, energy, and money we spend on global warming on fighting actual pollution.

  20. The solutions also need to be economically assessed not just in costs but where companies and corporations lose profit and what marketing they'll deploy to prevent change to non profitable but sustainable society

  21. hey, can u explain that educating girls is must be stopped? how it could be? hey, girls can help our planet too. not a man only or adult. but all people live in this planet must be aware! not we're only here. but we could share this w/each other, right?

  22. A plant based diet is one of the most important actions. Animals are super inefficient and unhealthy sources of protein.

  23. Global warming = biggest fraud ever. UN Agenda 21 + snouts in troughs.
    Here comes the grand solar minimum, folks. Forget global warming, buy thermal underwear.
    October to April 2019, coldest average temperatures on record in North America. Record low temps and snow around the globe. Here we go.

  24. Solution #81

    Arrest all fossil fuel lobbyists, politicians greedy enough to be bought by them, and shame people stupid enough to vote Republican. Even the ones who do it for economic reasons are fucking us over by giving power to morons. I hate liberals too, but at least they believe in science

  25. Ha. Belief is ittelevant to the facts dear. It is real. Part natural process part man exacerbated.
    Do these 100 things and we not only survive but thrive.
    If not…we all die slow horrific deaths w our loved one.
    Time to stop kicking the can down the road and fucking RECYCLE IT.
    Now.

  26. The sexism in Family Planning and Educating Girls is pathetic. Present again when you stop being a douche and add yourself to the "Educate Idiot Men" category

  27. Paul Hawken. Why isn't CNN, NBC and Fox giving Paul Hawken an audience?

    Because their plan is to profit from their coverage of Global Warming growing warmer. Understanding Global Warming, making Americans smarter, is a loser for CNN. #BoycottCNN

  28. Still no sign of unnatural Global warming, sea rise, Forest fires, Hurricanes or storms, no increase anywhere. The warm period ended some years ago, its been cooling ever since.

  29. Many poor countries raise many children. Family planning in Africa and in Asia is way different to family planning in Western countries.
    People in poor countries decide to have children, in order to survive. Who delivers a solution?

  30. THE MarketDrivenSolutionForClimate/Pollution is agricultural….. HEMP. Stop laughing. Hemp removes MORE atmospheric carbon per square foot of ag- space than ANY other crop…it provides for MOST human need…. BETTER than ANYTHING else…..period. Even internal COMBUSTION fuel…diesel AND gasoline…. replaced by hemp oil and hemp-a-hol…at scale…to the tune of 1000gl/acre EACH…from ONE crop….two crops ANNUALLY south of the Mason-Dixon…at LEA$T…. grows on marginal soil with fractionally fewer input$ including water……FUNCTIONAL graphene analog manufactured from bast fiber at 1% of CO$T….all of this CARBON NEUTRAL….incredibly durable pla$tic…BIO-DEGRADABLE….extra stout and double tough….hemp oil is THE finest nutritional fat….leaving a COMPLETE seed-protein… morph-able into whatever YOU want….the longfibre burlap to silk product$ more durable than ANY other fiber products…natural OR synthetic….more paper pulp per acre than pine trees…. grown in no-till rotation builds soil carbon reserves for as long as the grass will grow and the rivers flow….hemp $UCKS carbon out of the air….sequestering more carbon than ANY other crop…….I…… have to quit now…it's getting late and alla you brainiacs bailed at 'stop laughing'….did I mention that HEMP is THE market-driven solution for climate/pollution? Now all we need is people with ….brains……and money……..and …… serious INTENT.

  31. I don’t understand why countries are spending billions to know the ways by which we can colonise moon or mars.
    Instead, they should spend on saving the earth instead.

  32. Number 1 greenhouse gas is water vapor! Research it people!!! Mars has an atmosphere that is ~94% CO2. So why is it not "warm"? Because it has essentially no water vapor!!

  33. There's a really cool search engine that plants trees, called "Ecosia ". It lets you know how many trees it has planted on the main search engine page. And if you get the app, which is free, it shows you how many trees your searches alone have planted. In a year I have planted about 2200 trees, so the app is always my browser. Tell more people! Here is the link: www.ecosia.org

  34. Like this so that everyone sees this. I have an Idea for a Magnet Motor that works with magnets and superconductors nothing else ,It wouldn’t spin forever (so its not a perpetual motion machine) because magnets loose its power after like 300-400 years ,if this would work we could built a lot of these magnet motors to produce enough energy and destroy all coal-fire-stations so we have 0 emissions : )
    The only problem is that I don’t know if this could actually work and I can’t Build it to Test it because I don’t have enough time… :/

  35. Once cool people start talking about solutions for global warming, there is hope for obedience and makeability.

  36. Abortion is murder. God commands us saying You must not murder. People should marry in righteousness according to Lord Jesus the anointed if they hope to be sexually active.

  37. My 5yo son has become gay to support climate change.
    He said when he turns 8 he is becoming vegan and when he is 10 he will become trans or multi gender.
    @

  38. Here's the secret: Socialist don't really care about climate change, they care about socialism. Until these ideas are decoupled and one isn't just a tool for the other, there will be substantial resistance to any climate related projects.

  39. I wonder what's meant by educating girls? Are boys impossible to educate? Is it assumed that they will never give a damn about a woman's future? I think we need to assume boys are better than that, and educate them too.

  40. This makes no sense. Why would reducing so many things such as food intake and not cutting down our planets forrest, reducing having children, cost trillions of dollars? I could see with putting solar panels every where and wind turbines would be were the main cost of this would be, but you think these money hungry assholes would come up with a more realistic number in price lol even in a 30 year span. These points that he made and went over are focal but we don't need to pay these people that much to do it. We can just do it our selves. And we will.

  41. They are all mad just the electric vehicles battery manufacture is the same co2 emission as running a petrol car for 6 and half years, you have cobalt running out so battery problem and more lead in our water from mining and recycling of batteries.

  42. This is STUPID!
    Global warming doesn't even exist, see:
    https://youtu.be/d0Z5FdwWw_c?t=1363
    absolutely NO corelations!
    Plus i can prove GHG effect does't exist TED !!!

  43. It has been known for a while already, that population numbers are going to collapse anyways. This guy should stick to realistic research, instead of fightig windmills.

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